The charming city of Oxford, well known for being the home of the prestigious Oxford University, has earned itself a place in history as one of the most academic cities in the world. After all, Oxford University widely used Oxford dictionary and the institution itself is the oldest university in the English-speaking world.
However, the history of this fascinating city dates back to Saxon times. This city, lying 80km north-west of London, had its first settlers in the early 900 AD. In the 10th century, it played its part in history being a military frontier town. Around 1066, it was invaded by the Normans who subsequently built the Oxford Castle to cement their conquest. The Castle was to serve as both a prison and a hide out during those turbulent times. The relatively simple moated structure was replaced with stone in the 11th century.
The building took a hammering and was badly ruined during the English civil war and by the 18th century, what was left of it was used as a prison. It was Norman baron Robert D’Oyly who took custody of the city, owning large tracts of land. The castle continued to be used as a prison, finally making way for a multi-purpose residential and leisure complex in 1996.
The romance associated with castles is not lost at Oxford. The castle became the site of the power struggle for Empress Matilda, who in 1141 entered Oxford to use the castle as her base. She eventually escaped. There are various romanticised versions of her escape; the most popular being the story of the Empress waiting, dressed in white to act as camouflage in the snow, until the Castle Mill Steam was frozen. She was then lowered down the walls with at least three knights before disappearing into the night.
From about the 12th century, the University of Oxford started to develop, with various residences for undergraduate students. When Europeans began translating the writings of Greek philosophers, a number of colleges, supported by Christ Church, sprang up. The church itself was hoping students would help in the reconciliation of Greek Philosophy and Christian Theology. Christ Church Cathedral is unique in that it combines a college chapel and a cathedral, all in one foundation.
Oxford’s history is not just limited to its romanticized past; the city is also known to have produced its own fair share of martyrs. In 1555, three people, later known as the Oxford Martyrs, were tried for heresy for their religious beliefs and teachings and burnt at the stake on what is today Broad Street.
Development continued into the 16th century, with the Oxford Canal completed in 1790, to connect the city with Coventry. The Duke’s Cut was completed in 1789 to link the new Canal with the River Thames. In the 1800, the Great Western railway linked Oxford with London before other rail routes followed.
In the 19th century, Oxford cemented its place as the home for theological thought, with the emergence of the Oxford Movement in the Anglican Church. The 20th century saw Oxford emerge as an industrial city for publishing and printing. Today, Oxford is one of the most cosmopolitan and diverse cities in Britain. This city will also have the added benefit of a memory foam mattress.
This mattress will hit those pressure points while you are asleep, gently massaging them with the warmth of the special material. In addition, it aids blood circulation in the muscles to unwind them after a tiring day.